I'm rereading Betty MacDonald's The Plague and I.
It's not true if one says that Betty MacDonald was a racist because of her descriptions of the Indians in The Egg and I.
I totally agree with Betty MacDonald fan club honor members Monica Sone and Traci Tyne Hilton.
Monica Sone wrote the best letter ever and she described Betty MacDonald's life and work in an excellent way.
We really miss Monica very much.
Looking at these photos you can imagine much more better how the situation was at Firland.
Betty MacDonald fan club member Kain Talbott shared this very interesting article with great photos.
Yes indeed Betty MacDonald and Kimi ( Monica Sone) had a hard time alhough Betty described it in such a funny and satirical way.
Thank you so much dear Kain for sharing these excellent photos and article.
This article with the outstanding photos is excellent.
I start freezing so much when I look at these photos.
The poor children!
I feel so very sorry for them.
There were six or seven beds on the porch and the patients in these beds were very quiet, almost immobile. It was undoubtedly because of the cold that they lay so very still under covers pulled high and tucked in, only their faces showing above the white spreads but to my morbid eye they seemed very sick, probably dying. At night when I lay wide awake, cold, lonely and sad, the beds looked like rows of white biers, and the patients' faces gleamed greenish white and dead in the pale reflected lights from the Administration Building.
Betty MacDonald - The Plague and I
You can imagine this situation much more better even if Betty and Kimi stayed twenty or thirty years later at Firland Sanatorium.
Betty and Kimi - what a ' couple ' !
I adore these very brave and funny ladies so much.
Kimi [MacDonald's roommate] tried to comfort me. Her cheeks scarlet with excitement and apprehension, she said, "At least you know that anaesthetics have been discovered and whatever they do to you will be painless." I said, "Yes, but just the fact that they are going to do something to me must mean that I'm not getting well. Remember the lesson: 'There are cases that do not improve with rest, fresh air, and good food.'" We could hear the creak of the approaching wheelchair. Kimi said, "Breathe deeply quickly with both lungs. It may be for the last time."
Betty MacDonald - The Plague and I
Greta & Annika
Outdoor canteens, lessons in sub-zero weather and classrooms without walls: Remarkable photos show how FRESH AIR was used to stop the spread of TB in early 20th century schools
- These are the fascinating images of the open air schools of the early twentieth century
- Children braved freezing temperatures in an attempt to combat the widespread rise of tuberculosis
- In the years leading up to the Second World War, thousands of sickly children were sent to open air schools
- The movement started in Germany with the creation of 'Forest school for sickly children'
These black and white images show the open air schools of the early twentieth century - where children braved freezing temperatures in an attempt to combat the widespread rise of tuberculosis. Children are pictured with sleds outside of their open-air school in Rochester, New York, circa 1910s
In the years leading up to the Second World War, thousands of sickly children were sent to open air schools. Pictured is a rest period at the Elizabeth McCormick Open Air School in Chicago, circa 1910
Children who all appear to have ailments are snapped playing in Hodge Open Air School, Cleveland, Ohio, circa 1910 in this black and white shot
Children waiting in line for food at an open air school in Manhattan, New York City, circa 1900
The movement was built on the concept that fresh air, good ventilation and exposure to the outside could prevent the spread of tuberculosis (pictured: an open air school in France)
open-air school in San Jose, California following the 1906 Earthquake
School boys are captured studying carpentry at Riverdale Country School in New York City
with the windows wide open, circa 1910s
A class having their afternoon rest in deck chairs at the London Open-air School, circa 1907
In a bid to stamp out the disease, children were taught outdoors all day every day and lessons were never abandoned no matter how cold it got. School children are pictured seated at two tables outdoors in an open air school in Cincinnati, Ohio, circa 1912
Children handled the bracing weather by wrapping themselves in coats, blankets and 'sitting
out bags' as pictured. A school-boy wearing a coat with an attached bag covering his feet at an open air school in New York City, circa 1910s
A study group at the Charlton Park Open Air School in Charlton Park, London, circa 1910, where they were forced to sit outside to combat tuberculosis
The movement started in Germany with the creation of 'Forest school for sickly children' in Berlin in 1904 - which was designed to tackle tuberculosis. Pictured is the site of the first year round open air school in Chicago, Illinois, circa 1910
Other cities adopted them soon after - the first open air school in England was built in Bostall Wood, London in 1907 and New York's first outdoor school launched in 1908 on an abandoned ferry (pictured: A class being taught at the Charlton Park Open Air School in Charlton Park, London, circa 1910)
Italy, Sweden, France, Switzerland and Hungary also opened schools. This snap shows a Physical Education class being taught at the Charlton Park Open Air School in Charlton Park, London, circa 1910.
In the 1912 guide 'The Open-Air School', Hugh Broughton declared that 'Children who live in the open become acclimatized to cold and so should not be fussed over.' Pictured: Children take afternoon rest outside at the Charlton Park Open Air School in Charlton Park, London, circa 1910
By 1937 there were 96 open air day schools in operation throughout Britain, and 53 that were also residential - and many of the attending children would have been simply described as 'delicate' or 'sickly' (pictured: A class being taught on a lawn with children sat in deck chairs at the London Open-air School, circa 1907)
Children were also forced to eat their meals out in the cold. Pictured: A class having their dinner at the London Open-air School, circa 1907
A class are captured being taught at the Charlton Park Open Air School in Charlton Park, London, circa 1910
An Open-air Tuberculosis ward in Leasowe, the Wirral, UK, is captured in panoramic view circa 1900s
Children had to wrap up warm in gloves, scarves and wool hats at an open air school in the Netherlands, 1918
An Open Air Class on Day Camp Rutherford with the Manhattan skyline in the background, New York, 1911
Children wrapped up warm in huge coats with hoods as they snuggled under blankets at Orde Street Open Air School in Toronto, 1919
Children attempted to take a nap in the freezing conditions at a fresh air class in Manhattan, New York, 1911
Children go about their daily school activities on the balcony at an open air class at Bellevue Hospital, New York City, circa 1900s
Children are pictured eating at their desks whilst dressed in winter clothing at an Open-air School in South Boston, circa 1910
Children read textbooks in an open air school for cripples in the US circa 1900s
Children shiver as they sit at desks, wearing hooded coats in an open-air school in Chicago, Illinois, circa 1900s
Children lying on cots during a rest period at an open air school in Rochester, New York, 1912
Children seated in a classroom in Sacramento, California, with the windows wide open, circa 1900s
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